This record is in review state, the data has not yet been validated.
New insights into the mantle source of a large igneous province from highly siderophile element and Sr-Nd-Os isotope compositions of carbonate-rich ultramafic lamprophyres
- Journal Article
Despite being volumetrically minor components, carbonate-rich ultramafic magmas like aillikites represent good candidates to investigate the compositional variations in plume and/or lithospheric mantle sources because they represent low-degree melts which preferentially sample highly fusible components including recycled crustal material. To gain new insights into the composition of the plume-related magmas and, more broadly, the petrogenesis of ultramafic lamprophyres, we have undertaken the first comprehensive study of bulk rock and mineral (olivine and Ti-magnetite) highly siderophile element (HSE) abundances and Re-Os isotopes combined with in situ major-, trace-element and Sr-Nd isotope analyses of apatite and perovskite from the Permian Wajilitag aillikites of the Tarim large igneous province, China. The Wajilitag aillikites have high PPGE (Pt and Pd) contents relative to IPGE (Os, Ir and Ru), which can be ascribed to low-degree partial melting and/or fractionation of olivine and laurite. Measured 187Os/188Os ratios are moderately to highly radiogenic (0.186–0.313) with age-corrected γOs values up to +113. In situ Sr and Nd isotope analyses of apatite phenocrysts (87Sr/86Sr(i) = 0.70349–0.70384; εNd(i) = +1.3 to +4.9) and fresh perovskite grains (87Sr/86Sr(i) = 0.70340–0.70390; εNd(i) = +1.3 to +3.8) exhibit limited variability both within and across samples from different aillikite dykes and the only volcanic pipe in the area. These Nd isotopic values resemble those from bulk-rock samples (εNd(i) = +1.9 to +5.2), whereas Sr in apatite and perovskite extends to marginally less radiogenic values than the bulk-rock compositions (87Sr/86Sr(i) = 0.70362–0.70432). The moderately depleted Sr-Nd isotope compositions of magmatic apatite and perovskite, and the previously reported mantle-like C isotope values of these samples suggest that the aillikites and their carbon probably derived from a sub-lithospheric (plume) source with minimal contribution of deeply subducted material. Conversely, the radiogenic Os isotope compositions of the Tarim aillikites and separated minerals require some contribution from recycled crustal material in the plume source. Mass balance calculations suggest that the radiogenic Os isotopes and moderately depleted Sr-Nd isotopes can be reproduced by less than one third of eclogite component addition to a moderately depleted mantle source. We conclude that the combination of complementary isotopic systems can enlighten contributions from different components to mantle-derived magmas and, in this case, clarifies the occurrence of carbon-free subducted oceanic crust in the Tarim plume. Show more
Journal / seriesGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Pages / Article No.
MoreShow all metadata