Zur Kurzanzeige

dc.contributor.author
Ferrara, Pietro
dc.contributor.author
Pianese, Gaia
dc.contributor.author
Franceschini, Giulia
dc.contributor.author
Palumbo, Emanuele
dc.contributor.author
Ianni, Andrea
dc.contributor.author
Ghilardi, Giampaolo
dc.date.accessioned
2022-07-26T07:42:32Z
dc.date.available
2022-05-24T03:53:57Z
dc.date.available
2022-07-26T07:42:32Z
dc.date.issued
2022-04
dc.identifier.other
10.23736/S2724-5276.21.06385-0
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/548717
dc.description.abstract
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic stays are a phenomenon of temporary reception of unaccompanied foreign children from contaminated areas in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. Aim of the study was to analyze the physical and mental health status of children in therapeutic stays in Italy and the possible presence of a state of child abuse and neglect. METHODS: The survey was conducted on a total of 55 children, 25 of which belonging to the treatment group composed of 25 Belarusian children in temporary stays in Italy, and the remaining 30 to the control group composed of 30 italian children. Data were collected between July 2019 and July 2020. The evaluation included a careful medical history, an accurate physical examination and an interview, focusing on several factors that can be use as indicators of child maltreatment, intended as physical and emotional neglect. RESULTS: The survey was conducted on a total of 55 children, 25 of which belonging to the treatment group, and the remaining 30 to the control group. Of the 25 children in the treatment group, 8 (32%) are male and 17 (68%) are female, while of the 30 children in the control group, 14 (47%) are male and 16 are female (53%). For each child, we considered the Body Mass Index (BMI), the presence of dental caries, and the showing of learning disabilities or hypoacusis. These parameters can be used as indicators of child maltreatment. The analysis of BMI in the two groups shows that the BMI in the treatment group is significantly lower than the BMI in the control group (P=0.004). In the treatment group 7 (28%) children showed some form of caries whereas in the control group no forms of caries were detected. This result itself shows quite a relevant trend, and to have a quantitative measure of its statistical significancy, we performed a permutation test. The results show that the incidence of dental caries in the treatment group is significantly higher than in the control group (P=0.0023). We used the same procedure to analyse data on the presence of learning disabilities or hypoacusis. The P values we obtained are not significant, but the results still seem to show that there might be a trend of a higher incidence of learning disabilities and hypoacusis in the treatment group, and an extensive study with a larger sample might shed more light on the topic. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that there are indications that suggest a higher risk of child maltreatment in the group of Belarusian children, where maltreatment is understood as physical and emotional neglect to which children are subjected in the institutions and in the group homes where they live. Despite showing only partially significant results, our work could be a starting point for more extensive studies on the topic. These future studies could be extended to other larger samples and other potential maltreatment factors could be evaluated.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Edizioni Minerva Medica
en_US
dc.subject
Child abuse
en_US
dc.subject
Child
en_US
dc.subject
Health
en_US
dc.title
Therapeutic stays of belarusian children in Italy: evaluation of their mental status, psychological consequences and physical health status
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
ethz.journal.title
Minerva pediatrics
ethz.journal.volume
74
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
2
en_US
ethz.pages.start
188
en_US
ethz.pages.end
194
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Torino
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2022-05-24T03:54:07Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2022-07-26T07:42:39Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-07-26T07:42:39Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.atitle=Therapeutic%20stays%20of%20belarusian%20children%20in%20Italy:%20evaluation%20of%20their%20mental%20status,%20psychological%20consequences%20and%20physical%20health%20st&rft.jtitle=Minerva%20pediatrics&rft.date=2022-04&rft.volume=74&rft.issue=2&rft.spage=188&rft.epage=194&rft.au=Ferrara,%20Pietro&Pianese,%20Gaia&Franceschini,%20Giulia&Palumbo,%20Emanuele&Ianni,%20Andrea&rft.genre=article&rft_id=info:doi/10.23736/S2724-5276.21.06385-0&
 Printexemplar via ETH-Bibliothek suchen

Dateien zu diesem Eintrag

DateienGrößeFormatIm Viewer öffnen

Zu diesem Eintrag gibt es keine Dateien.

Publikationstyp

Zur Kurzanzeige