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dc.contributor.author
Mendoza, Miller
dc.contributor.author
Araújo, Nuno A.M.
dc.contributor.author
Succi, Sauro
dc.contributor.author
Herrmann, Hans J.
dc.date.accessioned
2018-09-10T16:01:13Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-10T08:36:42Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-10T16:01:13Z
dc.date.issued
2012-08
dc.identifier.issn
2045-2322
dc.identifier.other
10.1038/srep00611
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/55258
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000055258
dc.description.abstract
We analyze a transition from single peaked to bimodal velocity distribution in a relativistic fluid under increasing temperature, in contrast with a non-relativistic gas, where only a monotonic broadening of the bell-shaped distribution is observed. Such transition results from the interplay between the raise in thermal energy and the constraint of maximum velocity imposed by the speed of light. We study the Bose-Einstein, the Fermi-Dirac, and the Maxwell-Jüttner distributions, and show that they all exhibit the same qualitative behavior. We characterize the nature of the transition in the framework of critical phenomena and show that it is either continuous or discontinuous, depending on the group velocity. We analyze the transition in one, two, and three dimensions, with special emphasis on twodimensions, for which a possible experiment in graphene, based on the measurement of the Johnson-Nyquist noise, is proposed.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Nature Publishing Group
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.subject
Statistical physics, thermodynamics and nonlinear dynamics
en_US
dc.subject
Plasma physics
en_US
dc.subject
Carbon nanotubes and fullerenes
en_US
dc.subject
Astronomy and astrophysics
en_US
dc.title
Transition in the Equilibrium Distribution Function of Relativistic Particles
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
ethz.journal.title
Scientific Reports
ethz.journal.volume
2
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Sci Rep
ethz.pages.start
611
en_US
ethz.size
5 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.identifier.nebis
006751867
ethz.publication.place
London
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02606 - Institut für Baustoffe (IfB) / Institute for Building Materials::03733 - Herrmann, Hans Jürgen (emeritus) / Herrmann, Hans Jürgen (emeritus)
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02606 - Institut für Baustoffe (IfB) / Institute for Building Materials::03733 - Herrmann, Hans Jürgen (emeritus) / Herrmann, Hans Jürgen (emeritus)
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-10T08:37:42Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59364fba4414d36754
ethz.ecitpid
pub:89066
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-12T22:12:47Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-28T21:13:28Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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