Probing Vasoreactivity and Hypoxic Phenotype in Different Tumor Grafts Grown on the Chorioallantoic Membrane of the Chicken Embryo in ovo Using MRI
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Tumor grafts grown on the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of chicken embryos represent a transition between cell culture and mammalian in vivo models. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) started to harness this potential. Functional gas challenge is feasible on the CAM. Using quantitative T1 and T2* mapping, we characterized the response of MC-38 colon, A549, and H460 adenocarcinoma cell grafts to hypercapnic (HC) and hypercapnic-hyperoxic (HCHO) gas challenges, pertaining to the grafts’ vascular and oxygenation phenotypes. MR imaging revealed that larger T1 and T2* were located in the center of H460 and MC-38 tumors. Quantitative analysis showed a significant reduction in T1 and a significant increase in T2* in response to HCHO for A549 grafts, while H460 and MC-38 tumors did not respond to either gas challenge. Different tumor grafts respond differentially to HC and HCHO conditions. A549 tumor grafts, with higher vessel density and smaller tumor diameter compared with H460 and MC-38 grafts, had a significant response in T1 for HCHO and T2* increased slightly during HC and significantly under HCHO, consistent with a normoxic phenotype and functional vasoreactivity. Therefore, gas challenges enable differential characterization of tumor grafts with respect to their vascular and oxygenation status. Show more
Journal / seriesCancers
Pages / Article No.
Subjectchorioallantoic membrane (CAM); magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); A549 lung adenocarcinoma cell grafts; H460 lung adenocarcinoma cell grafts; MC-38 colon carcinoma cell grafts; hypercapnia; hyperoxia
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