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Towards Efficient Sparse Matrix Vector Multiplication on Real Processing-In-Memory Architectures
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Several manufacturers have already started to commercialize near-bank Processing-In-Memory (PIM) architectures, after decades of research efforts. Near-bank PIM architectures place simple cores close to DRAM banks. Recent research demonstrates that they can yield significant performance and energy improvements in parallel applications by alleviating data access costs. Real PIM systems can provide high levels of parallelism, large aggregate memory bandwidth and low memory access latency, thereby being a good fit to accelerate the Sparse Matrix Vector Multiplication (SpMV) kernel. SpMV has been characterized as one of the most significant and thoroughly studied scientific computation kernels. It is primarily a memory-bound kernel with intensive memory accesses due its algorithmic nature, the compressed matrix format used, and the sparsity patterns of the input matrices given. This paper provides the first comprehensive analysis of SpMV on a real-world PIM architecture, and presents SparseP, the first SpMV library for real PIM architectures. We make two key contributions. First, we design efficient SpMV algorithms to accelerate the SpMV kernel in current and future PIM systems, while covering a wide variety of sparse matrices with diverse sparsity patterns. Second, we provide the first comprehensive analysis of SpMV on a real PIM architecture. Specifically, we conduct our rigorous experimental analysis of SpMV kernels in the UPMEM PIM system, the first publicly-available real-world PIM architecture. Our extensive evaluation provides new insights and recommendations for software designers and hardware architects to efficiently accelerate the SpMV kernel on real PIM systems. For more information about our thorough characterization on the SpMV PIM execution, results, insights and the open-source SparseP software package , we refer the reader to the full version of the paper [3, 4]. The SparseP software package is publicly and freely available at https://github.com/CMU-SAFARI/SparseP. Show more
Book titleSIGMETRICS/PERFORMANCE '22: Abstract Proceedings of the 2022 ACM SIGMETRICS/IFIP PERFORMANCE Joint International Conference on Measurement and Modeling of Computer Systems
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Organisational unit09483 - Mutlu, Onur / Mutlu, Onur
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