- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Hypothesis Wicking flow in the wale direction of knit fabrics is slowed by capillary pressure minima during the transition at yarn contacts. The characteristic pore structure of yarns leads to an unfavorable free energy evolution and is the cause of these minima. Experiments Time-resolved synchrotron tomographic microscopy is employed to study the evolution of water configuration during wicking flow in interlacing yarns. Dynamic pore network modeling is used based on the obtained image data and distributions of delay times for pore intrusion. Good agreement is observed by comparison to the experimental data. Findings Yarn-to-yarn transition is found to coincide with slow water advance in a thin interface zone at the yarn contact. The pore spaces of the two yarns merge within this interface zone and provide a transition path. A deep capillary pressure minimum occurs while water passes through the center of the interface zone, effectively delaying the wicking flow. A pore network model considering pore intrusion delay times is expanded to include inter-yarn wicking and reproduce the observed wicking dynamics. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Pages / Article No.
SubjectWicking; Capillarity; X-ray tomographic microscopy; Wetting; Contact interface; Porous medium
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