Detection of magnetic iron nanoparticles by single-particle ICP-TOFMS: case study for a magnetic filtration medical device
- Journal Article
Nanoparticles are increasingly used in medical products and devices. Their properties are critical for such applications, as particle characteristics determine their interaction with the biological system, and, therefore, the performance and safety of the final product. Among the most important nanoparticle characteristics and parameters are particle mass distribution, composition, total particle mass, and number concentration. In this study, we utilize single-particle inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry (spICP-TOFMS) for the characterization of inorganic nanoparticles in complex biological fluids. We report online microdroplet calibration for reference-nanomaterial-free and matrix-matched calibration of carbon-coated iron carbide nanoparticles (C/Fe3C NPs). As a case study, we analyze C/Fe3C NPs designed for targeted blood purification. Through the analysis of NP mass distributions, we study the effect of the NP surface modification on aggregation of C/Fe3C NPs in whole blood. We also demonstrate the efficiency of removal of coated C/Fe3C NP from saline by magnetically enhanced filters. Magnetic filtering is shown to reduce the mass concentration of detectable C/Fe3C NPs by 99.99 +/- 0.01% in water. Show more
Journal / seriesAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Pages / Article No.
SubjectNanomaterial; Single-particle analysis; spICP-TOFMS; Medical device regulation; Aggregation
Organisational unit03512 - Günther, Detlef / Günther, Detlef
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