The arch remodelling stent for DeBakey I acute aortic dissection: experience with 100 implantations
- Journal Article
OBJECTIVES A novel hybrid non-covered stent was developed to treat malperfusion and prevent aneurysm formation following hemiarch procedure for DeBakey I acute aortic dissection (AAD). The present analysis investigates the performance of the device in 100 consecutive implantations. METHODS Between 2018 and 2021, 100 patients underwent surgical repair of DeBakey I AAD with implantation of a non-covered stent in the arch and descending aorta. The primary entry tear was located in the root or the ascending aorta. Clinical and imaging data were collected and analysed retrospectively. The endpoints of the study were 30-day mortality, neurological outcome and need of additional procedures due to postoperative malperfusion. Technical success was assessed in the first postoperative computed tomography in regard to the induction of false lumen thrombosis in the descending aorta. RESULTS The median age was 61 (54–73) years. Preoperative malperfusion was present in 46 (46%) patients. The primary arterial cannulation strategy was the right axillary artery and an open distal anastomosis was performed in a median caudal circulatory arrest of 40 (34–52) min. In 48% of cases, a 55–40 tapered stent was implanted. The 30-day mortality was 18%, and the operation-related new postoperative neurological deficit was present in 8%. Technical success was achieved in 76% of patients. CONCLUSIONS The novel non-covered stent can be safely applied to complement aortic repair with the hemiarch procedure for DeBakey I AAD. The expansion of the true lumen through the device may prevent postoperative malperfusion and induces positive vascular remodelling with the thrombosis of the false lumen. Show more
Journal / seriesEuropean Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOxford University Press
SubjectAcute aortic dissection; Type A; DeBakey I; Hybrid; Arch repair; Malperfusion
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