Potential exposure of German consumers to engineered nanoparticles in cosmetics and personal care products
- Journal Article
The rapid increase in the number of consumer products containing engineered nanoparticles (ENP) raises concerns about an appropriate risk assessment of these products. Along with toxicological data, exposure estimates are essential for assessing risk. Currently, cosmetics and personal care products (C&PCP) represent the largest ENP-containing consumer product class on the market. We analyzed factors influencing the likelihood that ENP-containing products are available to consumers. We modelled potential external exposure of German consumers, assuming a maximum possible case where only ENP-containing products are used. The distribution of exposure levels within the population due to different behavior patterns was included by using data from an extensive database on consumer behavior. Exposure levels were found to vary significantly between products and between consumers showing different behavior patterns. The assessment scheme developed here represents a basis for refined exposure modelling as soon as more specific information about ENPs in C&PCP becomes available. Show more
Journal / seriesNanotoxicology
Pages / Article No.
SubjectConsumer exposure; Cosmetics and personal care products; Engineered nanoparticles
Organisational unit03402 - Hungerbühler, Konrad (emeritus) / Hungerbühler, Konrad (emeritus)
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