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A Miniaturized Wireless Neural Implant With Body-Coupled Power Delivery and Data Transmission
- Journal Article
This article presents a wireless neural implant with body-coupled (BC) data transmission and power delivery for freely behaving animals and incorporates a precision front end for high-quality neural recordings. The neural implant utilizes the body as a wireless transmission medium where it only needs small electrodes for data transmission and power delivery. An external device with patch electrodes can then be placed far away from the implant without the need for precise alignment. Furthermore, a four-channel continuous-time delta-sigma modulator (CT-Delta Sigma M) is integrated into the system for precision neural recordings. Each neural recording CT-Delta Sigma M achieves an 823-dB signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SNDR) and an 833-dB dynamic range (DR) while consuming only 8.6-mu W at a signal bandwidth of 10 kHz. The neural implant integrated circuit (IC) is fabricated in a 0.11-mu m CMOS with a high-density capacitor option, and the BC data receiver (RX) IC is implemented in a 0.18-mu m CMOS. The implant IC occupies a chip area of 4 mm(2), including a 5-0 on-chip capacitor, and draws 280 mu A from a 2.3-V supply with a working data transmitter (TX) electrode. By exploiting direct-digital signaling for data transmission, the neural implant achieves a data rate of 20.48 Mb/s and a wireless power recovery of 644 mu W, resulting in an energy efficiency of 32 pJ/b. The entire neural implant system has been successfully verified by both electrical and in Piro measurements, while the wirelessly recorded electrocorticography (ECoG) signals with the prototype neural implant inside a rat demonstrate the end-to-end functionality of the proposed system. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
PublisherIEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
SubjectAnalog-to-digital converter; body-coupled (BC); continuous-time delta-sigma modulator (CT-Delta Sigma M); implantable biomedical device; miniaturized; neural recording; wireless power and data transmission
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