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dc.contributor.author
De Hertog, Steven J.
dc.contributor.author
Havermann, Felix
dc.contributor.author
Vanderkelen, Inne
dc.contributor.author
Guo, Suqi
dc.contributor.author
Luo, Fei
dc.contributor.author
Manola, Iris
dc.contributor.author
Coumou, Dim
dc.contributor.author
Davin, Edouard Léopold
dc.contributor.author
Duveiller, Gregory
dc.contributor.author
Lejeune, Quentin
dc.contributor.author
Pongratz, Julia
dc.contributor.author
Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich
dc.contributor.author
Seneviratne, Sonia I.
dc.contributor.author
Thiery, Wim
dc.date.accessioned
2023-06-19T09:15:34Z
dc.date.available
2022-09-26T04:26:01Z
dc.date.available
2022-09-27T07:33:58Z
dc.date.available
2023-06-19T09:15:34Z
dc.date.issued
2022-09-21
dc.identifier.issn
2190-4987
dc.identifier.issn
2190-4979
dc.identifier.other
10.5194/esd-13-1305-2022
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/572587
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000572587
dc.description.abstract
Land cover and land management change (LCLMC) has been highlighted for its critical role in mitigation scenarios in terms of both global mitigation and local adaptation. Yet, the climate effect of individual LCLMC options, their dependence on the background climate, and the local vs. non-local responses are still poorly understood across different Earth system models (ESMs). Here we simulate the climatic effects of LCLMC using three state-of-the-art ESMs, including the Community Earth System Model (CESM), the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Earth System Model (MPI-ESM), and the European Consortium Earth System Model (EC-EARTH). We assess the LCLMC effects using four idealized experiments: (i) a fully afforested world, (ii) a world fully covered by cropland, (iii) a fully afforested world with extensive wood harvesting, and (iv) a full cropland world with extensive irrigation. In these idealized sensitivity experiments performed under present-day climate conditions, the effects of the different LCLMC strategies represent an upper bound for the potential of global mitigation and local adaptation. To disentangle the local and non-local effects from the LCLMC, a checkerboard-like LCLMC perturbation, i.e. alternating grid boxes with and without LCLMC, is applied. The local effects of deforestation on surface temperature are largely consistent across the ESMs and the observations, with a cooling in boreal latitudes and a warming in the tropics. However, the energy balance components driving the change in surface temperature show less consistency across the ESMs and the observations. Additionally, some biases exist in specific ESMs, such as a strong albedo response in CESM mid-latitudes and a soil-thawing-driven warming in boreal latitudes in EC-EARTH. The non-local effects on surface temperature are broadly consistent across ESMs for afforestation, though larger model uncertainty exists for cropland expansion. Irrigation clearly induces a cooling effect; however, the ESMs disagree regarding whether these are mainly local or non-local effects. Wood harvesting is found to have no discernible biogeophysical effects on climate. Our results overall underline the potential of ensemble simulations to inform decision-making regarding future climate consequences of land-based mitigation and adaptation strategies.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Copernicus
en_US
dc.title
Retracted: The biogeophysical effects of idealized land cover and land management changes in Earth system models
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
ethz.journal.title
Earth System Dynamics
ethz.journal.volume
13
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
3
en_US
ethz.pages.start
1305
en_US
ethz.pages.end
1350
en_US
ethz.notes
This paper has been retracted. A corrected version was published, s. DOI 10.5194/esd-14-629-2023.
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Göttingen
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03778 - Seneviratne, Sonia / Seneviratne, Sonia
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03778 - Seneviratne, Sonia / Seneviratne, Sonia
ethz.relation.isPreviousVersionOf
10.3929/ethz-b-000617147
ethz.date.deposited
2022-09-26T04:26:03Z
ethz.source
WOS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2022-09-27T07:34:00Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2024-02-03T00:16:06Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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