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dc.contributor.author
Wilschut, Rutger A.
dc.contributor.author
De Long, Jonathan R.
dc.contributor.author
Geisen, Stefan
dc.contributor.author
Hannula, S. Emilia
dc.contributor.author
Quist, Casper W.
dc.contributor.author
Snoek, L. Basten
dc.contributor.author
Steinauer, Katja
dc.contributor.author
Wubs, E.R. Jasper
dc.contributor.author
Yang, Qiang
dc.contributor.author
Thakur, Madhav P.
dc.date.accessioned
2022-10-25T10:34:10Z
dc.date.available
2022-10-18T09:42:57Z
dc.date.available
2022-10-25T10:34:10Z
dc.date.issued
2022-10-12
dc.identifier.issn
1471-2954
dc.identifier.other
10.1098/rspb.2022.1178
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/576582
dc.description.abstract
Global warming and precipitation extremes (drought or increased precipitation) strongly affect plant primary production and thereby terrestrial ecosystem functioning. Recent syntheses show that combined effects of warming and precipitation extremes on plant biomass are generally additive, while individual experiments often show interactive effects, indicating that combined effects are more negative or positive than expected based on the effects of single factors. Here, we examined whether variation in biomass responses to single and combined effects of warming and precipitation extremes can be explained by plant growth form and community type. We performed a meta-analysis of 37 studies, which experimentally crossed warming and precipitation treatments, to test whether biomass responses to combined effects of warming and precipitation extremes depended on plant woodiness and community type (monocultures versus mixtures). Our results confirmed that the effects of warming and precipitation extremes were overall additive. However, combined effects of warming and drought on above- and belowground biomass were less negative in woody- than in herbaceous plant systems and more negative in plant mixtures than in monocultures. We further show that drought effects on plant biomass were more negative in greenhouse, than in field studies, suggesting that greenhouse experiments may overstate drought effects in the field. Our results highlight the importance of plant system characteristics to better understand plant responses to climate change.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Royal Society
dc.subject
climate warming
en_US
dc.subject
precipitation increase
en_US
dc.subject
precipitation decrease
en_US
dc.subject
global change experiments
en_US
dc.subject
aboveground plant biomass
en_US
dc.subject
aboveground plant biomass
en_US
dc.title
Combined effects of warming and drought on plant biomass depend on plant woodiness and community type: a meta-analysis
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.date.published
2022-10-05
ethz.journal.title
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
ethz.journal.volume
289
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
1984
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Proc. R. Soc. B.
ethz.pages.start
20221178
en_US
ethz.size
10 p.
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
London
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2022-10-18T09:42:57Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2022-10-25T10:34:11Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2024-02-02T18:48:04Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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