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dc.contributor.author
Elmiger, Noëmi
dc.contributor.author
Finger, Robert
dc.contributor.author
Ghazoul, Jaboury
dc.contributor.author
Schaub, Sergei
dc.date.accessioned
2022-10-31T08:56:09Z
dc.date.available
2022-10-31T07:54:16Z
dc.date.available
2022-10-31T08:56:09Z
dc.date.issued
2023-01
dc.identifier.issn
0308-521X
dc.identifier.other
10.1016/j.agsy.2022.103538
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/578532
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000578532
dc.description.abstract
CONTEXT Many agricultural policies target the conservation of biodiversity worldwide. Result-based agri-environmental schemes can be more effective and efficient than the more commonly used action-based schemes. The efficiency of result-based schemes, and thus their likely inclusion in agricultural policy frameworks, depends critically on the indicators used to measure biodiversity. OBJECTIVE We investigate how biodiversity indicators for result-based schemes might be designed and implemented. METHODS To this end, we first conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature to identify the range of proposed biodiversity indicators. Second, we synthesize the currently used biodiversity indicators in existing result-based agri-environmental schemes. Third, we compare the proposed and implemented indicators. Fourth, we provide an overview of planned result-based schemes under the 2023–27 reform of the EU Common Agricultural policy. Fifth, we propose how the schemes and indicators might be improved by drawing from technological advances. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS Our analysis of proposed schemes shows that most schemes use vascular plants as indicators, representing plant species diversity in grassland. These indicators are designed and applied uniformly for large regions such as states or countries. Recently published papers propose more often indicators that consider more biodiversity aspects and are adapted to conditions at smaller scales. We observe similar patterns for currently implemented as for proposed schemes: They are using mostly vascular plants to represent grassland plant species diversity. Moreover, implemented schemes and their indicators are also rather simple in their design and not adapted to smaller regional conditions. More recently implemented schemes are taking both dimensions increasingly into account. Policymakers need to consider their objectives when choosing and designing biodiversity indicators and result-based schemes. They often face trade-offs between improving biodiversity and costs. Therefore, they need to decide which aspects of biodiversity should be considered and how many thresholds that trigger payments should be established. However, studies showed that some indicator designs allow policymakers to cost-effectively consider different aspects of biodiversity. Furthermore, policymakers need to select the indicators based on whether they want to conserve existing or restore lost biodiversity. Finally, new technologies can help improve the design and monitoring of biodiversity in the future. SIGNIFICANCE Our insights into proposed and implemented biodiversity indicators for result-based schemes provide guidelines for future policy design. Moreover, we show how technological advances can potentially improve biodiversity-oriented result-based agri-environmental schemes.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Elsevier
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Biodiversity indicators
en_US
dc.subject
Agri environmetnal schemes
en_US
dc.subject
Result based
en_US
dc.subject
Biodiversity conservation
en_US
dc.subject
Systematic review
en_US
dc.subject
Digitalization
en_US
dc.title
Biodiversity indicators for result-based agri-environmental schemes – Current state and future prospects
en_US
dc.type
Review Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2022-10-29
ethz.journal.title
Agricultural Systems
ethz.journal.volume
204
en_US
ethz.pages.start
103538
en_US
ethz.size
17 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Amsterdam
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02120 - Dep. Management, Technologie und Ökon. / Dep. of Management, Technology, and Ec.::09564 - Finger, Robert / Finger, Robert
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems::03723 - Ghazoul, Jaboury / Ghazoul, Jaboury
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02120 - Dep. Management, Technologie und Ökon. / Dep. of Management, Technology, and Ec.::09564 - Finger, Robert / Finger, Robert
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems::03723 - Ghazoul, Jaboury / Ghazoul, Jaboury
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2022-10-31T07:54:16Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2022-10-31T08:56:11Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2023-02-07T07:24:39Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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