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dc.contributor.author
Wild, Martin
dc.contributor.author
Folini, Doris
dc.contributor.author
Schär, Christoph
dc.contributor.author
Loeb, Norman
dc.contributor.author
Dutton, Ellsworth G.
dc.contributor.author
König-Langlo, Gert
dc.date.accessioned
2020-07-03T08:49:47Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-10T11:05:17Z
dc.date.available
2020-07-03T08:49:47Z
dc.date.issued
2013-06
dc.identifier.issn
0930-7575
dc.identifier.issn
1432-0894
dc.identifier.other
10.1007/s00382-012-1569-8
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/58556
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000058556
dc.description.abstract
In the framework of the global energy balance, the radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accurately quantified from new satellite missions. Much less is known about the magnitude of the energy flows within the climate system and at the Earth surface, which cannot be directly measured by satellites. In addition to satellite observations, here we make extensive use of the growing number of surface observations to constrain the global energy balance not only from space, but also from the surface. We combine these observations with the latest modeling efforts performed for the 5th IPCC assessment report to infer best estimates for the global mean surface radiative components. Our analyses favor global mean downward surface solar and thermal radiation values near 185 and 342 Wm−2, respectively, which are most compatible with surface observations. Combined with an estimated surface absorbed solar radiation and thermal emission of 161 and 397 Wm−2, respectively, this leaves 106 Wm−2 of surface net radiation available globally for distribution amongst the non-radiative surface energy balance components. The climate models overestimate the downward solar and underestimate the downward thermal radiation, thereby simulating nevertheless an adequate global mean surface net radiation by error compensation. This also suggests that, globally, the simulated surface sensible and latent heat fluxes, around 20 and 85 Wm−2 on average, state realistic values. The findings of this study are compiled into a new global energy balance diagram, which may be able to reconcile currently disputed inconsistencies between energy and water cycle estimates.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Springer
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Earth Radiation Budget
en_US
dc.subject
Surface energy balance
en_US
dc.subject
Global climate models
en_US
dc.subject
Global energy balance
en_US
dc.subject
Surface/Satellite observations
en_US
dc.subject
CMIP5/IPCC-AR5 model evaluation
en_US
dc.title
The global energy balance from a surface perspective
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
dc.date.published
2012-11-13
ethz.journal.title
Climate Dynamics
ethz.journal.volume
40
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Clim. dyn.
ethz.pages.start
3107
en_US
ethz.pages.end
3134
en_US
ethz.size
28 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.notes
It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher
en_US
ethz.identifier.nebis
000036174
ethz.publication.place
Berlin
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03360 - Schär, Christoph / Schär, Christoph
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03360 - Schär, Christoph / Schär, Christoph
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-10T11:07:15Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59364ffcf0e9851352
ethz.ecitpid
pub:93550
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-18T10:14:36Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-07-03T08:50:05Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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