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- Journal Article
Probabilistic load flow (PLF) calculation, as a fundamental tool to analyze transmission system behavior, has been studied for decades. Despite a variety of available methods, existing PLF approaches rarely take system control into account. However, system control, as an automatic buffer between the fluctuations in random variables and the variations in system variables (e.g., nodal voltages), has a significant impact on the final PLF result. To consider control actions' influence, this paper proposes the first analytical PLF method for the transmission grid that takes into account primary and secondary frequency controls. This method is based on a high-precision linear power flow model, whose precision is even further improved in this paper by an original correction approach. This paper also proves that if the joint probability distribution (JPD) of random variables is expressed by a Gaussian mixture model (GMM), then the JPD of system variables is an infinite GMM. By leveraging this proposition, the proposed method generates the joint PLF of the whole system at the quasi-steady and steady states. The high accuracy and satisfactory efficiency of this method are verified on multiple test systems with different percentages of renewables. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
SubjectProbabilistic load flow; Control; Frequency regulation; Analytical method; Transmission system
Organisational unit09481 - Hug, Gabriela / Hug, Gabriela
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