Natural resources and violent conflict: resource abundance, dependence and the onset of civil wars
Brunnschweiler, Christa N.
Bulte, Erwin H.
- Working Paper
Rights / licenseIn Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
In this paper we examine the claim that natural resources invite civil conflict, and challenge the main stylized facts in this literature. We find that the nature of causation between resource dependence and civil war is opposite to conventional wisdom. In particular, (i) civil war creates dependence on primary sector exports, but the reverse is not true, and (ii) resource abundance is associated with a reduced probability of the onset of war. These results are robust to a range of specifications and, considering the conflict channel, we conclude there is no reason to regard resources as a general curse to development. Show more
External linksSearch via SFX
Journal / seriesEconomics Working Paper Series
PublisherETH Zurich, Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH)
SubjectCivil war; Resource abundance; Resource dependence; Greed versus grievance; Resource curse
Organisational unit03635 - Bretschger, Lucas / Bretschger, Lucas
02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.
MoreShow all metadata