Microscopic models of travel and land use tend to have rich descriptions of the travellers, but the other actors in the urban system are normally abstracted into market clearing mechanisms. This project aims to make a central actor, the different retailers, explicit by developing an agent, which can address the locations choice problem of a retail chain, well knowing that this is only one, if important, choice of a retailing firm. The motivation of this choice is that the evaluation of road pricing as a policy tool hinges to a substantial extent on an assessment how the local retailers will respond to such charging. The new agent type will be integrated into the existing, IVT developed, agent-based simulation MATSim and the land use model framework UrbanSim/OPUS, which is currently adapted to Switzerland in a joint IVT/IRL effort. The traveller agents of MATSim will be extended, so that they can respond to road pricing in the scheduling choices. The resulting modelling system will be an important first step to a much richer description of the urban system in land use transport models, while contributing to the current Swiss policy debate about road pricing. It will be also the first to integrate the supply side choices, here for retailing, into such a system. There are three main goals for the proposed project. (I) To introduce retailers in the agent-based modelling framework MATSim, (II) to introduce road pricing to the transport micro-simulation part based on general cost functions and (III) to expand MATSim modelling capabilities by coupling it with elements of the land use model OPUS. The latter goal allows analysing both short-term transport activity and long-term land use effects. This includes shifts in both retail destination and residential location choice due to road pricing as well as shifts in the transport mode choice. Those results can feed back to the agent-based model of retailers in order to simulate their reactions to the road pricing measure. Show more
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PublisherIVT, ETH Zürich
Organisational unit03521 - Axhausen, Kay W. / Axhausen, Kay W.
02226 - NSL - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft / NSL - Network City and Landscape
02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
NotesFinal Report for ETH Research Grants.
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