- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Although metamaterials have been widely used for controlling elastic waves through bandgap engineering, the directed guidance of stress waves in non-periodic structures has remained a challenge. This work demonstrates that spatially graded metamaterials based on conformal mappings present a rich design space for controlling and attenuating wave motion — without the need for bandgaps. Conformal mappings transform an elementary unit cell by scaling and rotation into graded lattices with approximately geometrically similar unit cells. This self-similarity allows for control over the local wave dispersion throughout the metamaterial. As a key mechanism, it is shown that elastic waves cannot propagate through graded unit cells with significant size differences, except at low frequencies. This is exploited to create low-pass elastic wave guides, extending beyond classical bandgap engineering, since bandgaps are not required to achieve wave guiding and attenuation. Experiments confirm the low-pass elastic wave filtering capability of a planar truss metamaterial with conformal grading. Finally, a systematic design of curved metamaterial surfaces is presented, providing a flexible framework for programming low-pass attenuation and wave guiding in three dimensions. Show more
Journal / seriesExtreme Mechanics Letters
Pages / Article No.
Subjectmetamaterial; elasticity; wave guide; dispersion relation; conformal mapping
Organisational unit09600 - Kochmann, Dennis / Kochmann, Dennis
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