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dc.contributor.author
Grund, Thomas
dc.contributor.author
Waloszek, Christian
dc.contributor.author
Helbing, Dirk
dc.date.accessioned
2018-09-12T15:05:06Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-10T15:23:04Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-12T15:05:06Z
dc.date.issued
2013-03-19
dc.identifier.issn
2045-2322
dc.identifier.other
10.1038/srep01480
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/65141
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000065141
dc.description.abstract
Biological competition is widely believed to result in the evolution of selfish preferences. The related concept of the ‘homo economicus’ is at the core of mainstream economics. However, there is also experimental and empirical evidence for other-regarding preferences. Here we present a theory that explains both, self-regarding and other-regarding preferences. Assuming conditions promoting non-cooperative behaviour, we demonstrate that intergenerational migration determines whether evolutionary competition results in a ‘homo economicus’ (showing self-regarding preferences) or a ‘homo socialis’ (having other-regarding preferences). Our model assumes spatially interacting agents playing prisoner's dilemmas, who inherit a trait determining ‘friendliness’, but mutations tend to undermine it. Reproduction is ruled by fitness-based selection without a cultural modification of reproduction rates. Our model calls for a complementary economic theory for ‘networked minds’ (the ‘homo socialis’) and lays the foundations for an evolutionarily grounded theory of other-regarding agents, explaining individually different utility functions as well as conditional cooperation.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Nature Publishing Group
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.subject
Social evolution
en_US
dc.subject
Social anthropology
en_US
dc.subject
Cultural evolution
en_US
dc.subject
Coevolution
en_US
dc.title
How Natural Selection Can Create Both Self- and Other-Regarding Preferences, and Networked Minds
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
ethz.journal.title
Scientific Reports
ethz.journal.volume
3
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Sci Rep
ethz.pages.start
1480
en_US
ethz.size
5 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.grant
Modeling the Emergence of Social Complexity and Order: How Individual and Societal Complexity Co-Evolve
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.nebis
006751867
ethz.publication.place
London
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03784 - Helbing, Dirk / Helbing, Dirk
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02120 - Dep. Management, Technologie und Ökon. / Dep. of Management, Technology, and Ec.::03988 - Köthenbürger, Marko / Köthenbürger, Marko
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02120 - Dep. Management, Technologie und Ökon. / Dep. of Management, Technology, and Ec.::02525 - KOF Konjunkturforschungsstelle / KOF Swiss Economic Institute
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03784 - Helbing, Dirk / Helbing, Dirk
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02120 - Dep. Management, Technologie und Ökon. / Dep. of Management, Technology, and Ec.::03988 - Köthenbürger, Marko / Köthenbürger, Marko
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02120 - Dep. Management, Technologie und Ökon. / Dep. of Management, Technology, and Ec.::02525 - KOF Konjunkturforschungsstelle / KOF Swiss Economic Institute
ethz.grant.agreementno
324247
ethz.grant.fundername
EC
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100000780
ethz.grant.program
FP7
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-10T15:24:34Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp5936507664b8e23275
ethz.ecitpid
pub:103706
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-12T23:27:37Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T01:44:13Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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