The high kinetic stability of a G-quadruplex limits hnRNP F qRRM3 binding to G-tract RNA
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Allain, Frédéric H.-T.
- Journal Article
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Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
The RNA binding protein heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) F is involved in telomeres maintenance and pre-mRNA processing, such as alternative splicing and polyadenylation. It specifically recognizes RNA containing three consecutive guanines (G-tracts) that have the potential to assemble into G-quadruplexes. We have proposed recently that hnRNP F could regulate alternative splicing by remodeling RNA structures, such as G-quadruplexes. However, the exact mechanism of hnRNP F binding to such RNA sequences remains unknown. Here, we have studied the binding of the third RNA binding domain of hnRNP F [quasi-RNA recognition motif 3 (qRRM3)] to G-tract RNA using isothermal titration calorimetry, circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Our results show that qRRM3 binds specifically exclusively to single-stranded G-tracts (ssRNA), in contrast to previous reports stating that the G-quadruplex was recognized as well. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the pre-existent ssRNA/G-quadruplex equilibrium slows down the formation of the protein–ssRNA complex. Based on in vitro transcription assays, we show that the rate of the protein–RNA complex formation is faster than that of the G-quadruplex. We propose a model according to which hnRNP F could bind RNA co-transcriptionally and prevents G-quadruplex formation Show more
Journal / seriesNucleic Acids Research
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOxford University Press
Organisational unit03591 - Allain, Frédéric / Allain, Frédéric
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