A normalized eigenvector, or, more interestingly, an invariant subspace, is localized if its significant entries are defined by just part(s) of the matrix and negligible elsewhere. This paper presents two new procedures to detect such localization in eigenvectors of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix. The procedures are intended for use before the actual eigenvector computation. If localization is found, one may reduce costs by computing the vectors just from the relevant matrix regions. Practical eigensolvers from numerical libraries such as LAPACK and ScaLAPACK already inspect a given tridiagonal $T$ for off-diagonal entries that are of small magnitude relative to the matrix norm. These so-called splitting points indicate that $T$ breaks into smaller blocks, each one defining a subset of eigenvalues and localized eigenvectors. However, localization can occur even when none of the off-diagonals is particularly small. Our study investigates this more complicated phenomenon in the context of invariant subspaces belonging to isolated eigenvalue clusters. Show more
Journal / seriesSIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
Pages / Article No.
PublisherSociety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Organisational unit02150 - Dep. Informatik / Dep. of Computer Science
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