Nitrogen in chromium–manganese stainless steels: a review on the evaluation of stacking fault energy by computational thermodynamics
- Review Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
Nitrogen in austenitic stainless steels and its effect on the stacking fault energy (SFE) has been the subject of intense discussions in the literature. Until today, no generally accepted method for the SFE calculation exists that can be applied to a wide range of chemical compositions in these systems. Besides different types of models that are used from first-principle to thermodynamics-based approaches, one main reason is the general lack of experimentally measured SFE values for these steels. Moreover, in the respective studies, not only different alloying systems but also different domains of nitrogen contents were analyzed resulting in contrary conclusions on the effect of nitrogen on the SFE. This work gives a review on the current state of SFE calculation by computational thermodynamics for the Fe-Cr-Mn-N system. An assessment of the thermodynamic effective Gibbs free energy, ΔG γ→ε, model for the γ→ε phase transformation considering existing data from different literature and commercial databases is given. Furthermore, we introduce the application of a non-constant composition-dependent interfacial energy, ∂ γ/ε, required to consider the effect of nitrogen on SFE in these systems. Show more
Journal / seriesScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Pages / Article No.
SubjectStacking fault energy; Interfacial energy; Nitrogen; Suzuki segregation; Austenitic stainless steels
Organisational unit03661 - Löffler, Jörg F. / Löffler, Jörg F.
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