Competition between three-sublattice order and superfluidity in the quantum three-state Potts model of ultracold bosons and fermions on a square optical lattice
- Journal Article
We study a quantum version of the three-state Potts model that includes as special cases the effective models of bosons and fermions on the square lattice in the Mott-insulating limit. It can be viewed as a model of quantum permutations with amplitudes J and J for identical and different colors, respectively. For J=J>0 it is equivalent to the SU(3) Heisenberg model, which describes the Mott-insulating phase of 3-color fermions, while the parameter range J<min(0,-J) can be realized in the Mott insulating phase of 3-color bosonic atoms. Using linear flavor wave theory, infinite projected entangled-pair states (iPEPS), and continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we construct the full T=0 phase diagram, and we explore the T≠0 properties for J<0. For dominant antiferromagnetic J interactions, a three-sublattice long-range ordered stripe state is selected out of the ground-state manifold of the antiferromagnetic Potts model by quantum fluctuations. Upon increasing |J|, this state is replaced by a uniform superfluid for J<0, and by an exotic three-sublattice superfluid followed by a two-sublattice superfluid for J>0. The transition out of the uniform superfluid (that can be realized with bosons) is shown to be a peculiar type of Kosterlitz-Thouless transition with three types of elementary vortices. © 2013 American Physical Society. Show more
Journal / seriesPhysical Review B
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
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