Utility Rate Equations of Group Population Dynamics in Biological and Social Systems
Yukalov, Vyacheslav I.
Yukalova, Elizaveta P.
- Journal Article
Rechte / LizenzCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
We present a novel system of equations to describe the evolution of self-organized structured societies (biological or human) composed of several trait groups. The suggested approach is based on the combination of ideas employed in the theory of biological populations, system theory, and utility theory. The evolution equations are defined as utility rate equations, whose parameters are characterized by the utility of each group with respect to the society as a whole and by the mutual utilities of groups with respect to each other. We analyze in detail the cases of two groups (cooperators and defectors) and of three groups (cooperators, defectors, and regulators) and find that, in a self-organized society, neither defectors nor regulators can overpass the maximal fractions of about each. This is in agreement with the data for bee and ant colonies. The classification of societies by their distance from equilibrium is proposed. We apply the formalism to rank the countries according to the introduced metric quantifying their relative stability, which depends on the cost of defectors and regulators as well as their respective population fractions. We find a remarkable concordance with more standard economic ranking based, for instance, on GDP per capita. Mehr anzeigen
Zeitschrift / SeriePLoS ONE
Seiten / Artikelnummer
VerlagPublic Library of Science
Organisationseinheit03738 - Sornette, Didier / Sornette, Didier