Syed, Afzal P.
van Nimwegen, Erik
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
MiRNAs are post‐transcriptional regulators that contribute to the establishment and maintenance of gene expression patterns. Although their biogenesis and decay appear to be under complex control, the implications of miRNA expression dynamics for the processes that they regulate are not well understood. We derived a mathematical model of miRNA‐mediated gene regulation, inferred its parameters from experimental data sets, and found that the model describes well time‐dependent changes in mRNA, protein and ribosome density levels measured upon miRNA transfection and induction. The inferred parameters indicate that the timescale of miRNA‐dependent regulation is slower than initially thought. Delays in miRNA loading into Argonaute proteins and the slow decay of proteins relative to mRNAs can explain the typically small changes in protein levels observed upon miRNA transfection. For miRNAs to regulate protein expression on the timescale of a day, as miRNAs involved in cell‐cycle regulation do, accelerated miRNA turnover is necessary Show more
Journal / seriesMolecular Systems Biology
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publ. Group
SubjectGene expression regulation; Kinetics; MiRNAs; Modeling; Protein turnover
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