- Conference Paper
The circuit described in this paper uses a "verta-color" stacked two-diode structure to measure relative long and short wavelength spectral content. The p-type source-drain to nwell forms the top diode and the nwell-psubstrate diode forms the bottom diode. The circuit output is a digital PWM signal whose frequency encodes absolute intensity and whose duty cycle encodes the relative photodiode current. This signal is formed by a self-timed circuit that alternately discharges the top and bottom photodiodes. This circuit was fabricated in a standard 3M 2P 0.5 μ m CMOS process. Monochromatic stimulation shows that the duty cycle varies between 50% and 7% as the photon wavelength is varied between 400 nm to 750 nm. The output frequency is 150 Hz at incident irradiance of 1.7 W/m 2 . Chip-to-chip variation of PWM duty cycle and frequency is about 1% measured over 5 chips. Power consumption is 20 μ W. A modified version of this circuit could form the basis for simple color vision sensors built in widely-available vanilla CMOS. Show more
Book title2007 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03453 - Douglas, Rodney J.
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