Characterization of the RNA recognition mode of hnRNP G extends its role in SMN2 splicing regulation
Allain, Frédéric H.-T.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
Regulation of SMN2 exon 7 splicing is crucial for the production of active SMN protein and the survival of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) patients. One of the most efficient activators of exon 7 inclusion is hnRNP G, which is recruited to the exon by Tra2-β1. We report that in addition to the C-terminal region of hnRNP G, the RNA Recognition Motif (RRM) and the middle part of the protein containing the Arg–Gly–Gly (RGG) box are important for this function. To better understand the mode of action of hnRNP G in this context we determined the structure of its RRM bound to an SMN2 derived RNA. The RRM interacts with a 5′-AAN-3′ motif and specifically recognizes the two consecutive adenines. By testing the effect of mutations in hnRNP G RRM and in its putative binding sites on the splicing of SMN2 exon 7, we show that it specifically binds to exon 7. This interaction is required for hnRNP G splicing activity and we propose its recruitment to a polyA tract located upstream of the Tra2-β1 binding site. Finally, our data suggest that hnRNP G plays a major role in the recruitment of the Tra2-β1/hnRNP G/SRSF9 trimeric complex to SMN2 exon 7. Show more
Journal / seriesNucleic acids research
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOxford University Press
Organisational unit03591 - Allain, Frédéric / Allain, Frédéric
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