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dc.contributor.author
Hengartner, Michael P.
dc.contributor.author
Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta
dc.contributor.author
Rodgers, Stephanie
dc.contributor.author
Müller, Mario
dc.contributor.author
Haker, Helene
dc.contributor.author
Rössler, Wulf
dc.date.accessioned
2021-05-05T14:26:19Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-11T11:57:09Z
dc.date.available
2021-05-05T14:25:16Z
dc.date.available
2021-05-05T14:26:19Z
dc.date.issued
2014-08
dc.identifier.issn
0940-1334
dc.identifier.issn
1433-8491
dc.identifier.other
10.1007/s00406-013-0441-0
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/88111
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000088111
dc.description.abstract
There is some evidence that fluid intelligence as well as empathy may be significantly related to personality disorders (PDs). To our knowledge, no study has addressed those issues simultaneously in all 10 DSM PDs in a sample of the general population. We analysed data from 196 participants aged 20–41 from the Epidemiology Survey of the Zurich Programme for Sustainable Development of Mental Health Services (ZInEP), a comprehensive psychiatric survey in the general population of Zurich, Switzerland. We assessed the digit symbol-coding test (DSCT), the “reading the mind in the eyes” test (RMET) and the interpersonal reactivity index (IRI). Both measures of cognitive empathy (i.e. RMET and IRI perspective taking) were not related to any PD trait-score. The total PD trait-score was significantly associated with low scores on DSCT and IRI empathic concern and high scores on IRI personal distress, which indicates a dose–response relationship in those measures. DSCT was particularly related to borderline PD, IRI empathic concern to schizoid and narcissistic PDs, and IRI personal distress to avoidant PD. The proportion of variance explained in the total PD trait-score accounted for by DSCT, IRI empathic concern and IRI personal distress was 2.6, 2.3 and 13.3 %, respectively. Symptomatology and severity of PDs are related to low fluid intelligence and reduced emotional empathy as characterized by low empathic concern and high personal distress towards emotional expressions of others. Further research is needed that examines the association between cognitive empathy and personality pathology as well as potential clinical applications.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Steinkopff
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Personality disorder
en_US
dc.subject
Processing speed
en_US
dc.subject
Fluid intelligence
en_US
dc.subject
Empathy
en_US
dc.subject
Theory of mind
en_US
dc.subject
Cognitive reserve
en_US
dc.subject
Social brain hypothesis
en_US
dc.title
Fluid intelligence and empathy in association with personality disorder trait-scores: exploring the link
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
dc.date.published
2013-09-11
ethz.journal.title
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
ethz.journal.volume
264
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
5
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci
ethz.pages.start
441
en_US
ethz.pages.end
448
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.notes
It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.nebis
000994160
ethz.publication.place
Darmstadt
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-11T11:57:45Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59365234e1dbd12223
ethz.ecitpid
pub:138702
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-15T16:00:04Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T07:03:11Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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