Quantitative Trait Locus Mapping of Melanization in the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Zymoseptoria tritici
Lendenmann, Mark H.
Stewart, Ethan L.
McDonald, Bruce A.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
Melanin plays an important role in virulence and antimicrobial resistance in several fungal pathogens. The wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici is important worldwide, but little is known about the genetic architecture of pathogenicity, including the production of melanin. Because melanin production can exhibit complex inheritance, we used quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping in two crosses to identify the underlying genes. Restriction site−associated DNA sequencing was used to genotype 263 (cross 1) and 261 (cross 2) progeny at ~8500 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and construct two dense linkage maps. We measured gray values, representing degrees of melanization, for single-spore colonies growing on Petri dishes by using a novel image-processing approach that enabled high-throughput phenotyping. Because melanin production can be affected by stress, each offspring was grown in two stressful environments and one control environment. We detected six significant QTL in cross 1 and nine in cross 2, with three QTL shared between the crosses. Different QTL were identified in different environments and at different colony ages. By obtaining complete genome sequences for the four parents and analyzing sequence variation in the QTL confidence intervals, we identified 16 candidate genes likely to affect melanization. One of these candidates was PKS1, a polyketide synthase gene known to play a role in the synthesis of dihydroxynaphthalene melanin. Three candidate quantitative trait nucleotides were identified in PKS1. Many of the other candidate genes were not previously associated with melanization. Show more
Journal / seriesG3
Pages / Article No.
PublisherGenetics Society of America
SubjectMycosphaerella graminicola; Genetic linkage map; QTL; Restriction; Site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq); Automated digital image
Organisational unit03516 - McDonald, Bruce / McDonald, Bruce
134755 - QTL mapping of virulence and other quantitative traits in the model plant pathogenic fungus Mycosphaerella graminicola (SNF)
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