Multiphoton transitions for delay-zero calibration in attosecond spectroscopy
Schafer, Kenneth J.
Gallmann, Lukas Paul
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
The exact delay-zero calibration in an attosecond pump-probe experiment is important for the correct interpretation of experimental data. In attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy the determination of the delay-zero exclusively from the experimental results is not straightforward and may introduce significant errors. Here, we report the observation of quarter-laser-cycle (4ω) oscillations in a transient absorption experiment in helium using an attosecond pulse train overlapped with a precisely synchronized, moderately strong infrared pulse. We demonstrate how to extract and calibrate the delay-zero with the help of the highly nonlinear 4ω signal. A comparison with the solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation is used to confirm the accuracy and validity of the approach. Moreover, we study the mechanisms behind the quarter-laser-cycle and the better-known half-laser-cycle oscillations as a function of experimental parameters. This investigation yields an indication of the robustness of our delay-zero calibration approach. Show more
Journal / seriesNew Journal of Physics
Pages / Article No.
PublisherInstitute of Physics
SubjectAttosecond transient absorption spectroscopy; Ultrafast spectroscopy; Multiphoton ionization
Organisational unit03371 - Keller, Ursula / Keller, Ursula
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