Recent Submissions 

  1. Norm-Based Enforcement of Promises 

    Stone, Rebecca; Stremitzer, Alexander (2019)
    There is ample evidence that people are internally motivated to keep their promises. However, it is unclear whether promises alone create a meaningful level of commitment in many economically relevant situations where the stakes are high. In a between- subject design, we ask subjects to imagine they observed as third parties a promisor breaking her promise and could punish the promisor, at a cost to themselves, for her behavior. Our ...
    Working Paper
  2. Heterogeneous (Mis-) Perceptions of Energy Costs: Implications for Measurement and Policy Design 

    Houde, Sébastien; Myers, Erica (2019)
    Economics Working Paper Series
    Quantifying heterogeneity in consumers’ misperceptions of product costs is crucial for policy design. We illustrate this point in the energy context and the design of Pigouvian policies. We estimate non-parametric distributions of perceptions of energy costs in the U.S. appliance market using a revealed preference approach. We show that the average degree of misperception is misleading— while the largest share of consumers correctly ...
    Working Paper
  3. Are Consumers Attentive to Local Energy Costs? Evidence from the Appliance Market 

    Houde, Sébastien; Myers, Erica (2019)
    Economics Working Paper Series
    We estimate whether consumers respond to local energy costs when purchasing appliances. Using a dataset from an appliance retailer, we compare demand responsiveness to a measure of energy costs that varies with local energy prices versus purchase prices. We strongly reject that consumers are unresponsive to local energy costs under a wide range of assumptions. These findings run counter to the popular wisdom, which motivates energy ...
    Working Paper
  4. The Social Status of Vocational Education and Training in Switzerland 

    Bolli, Thomas; Rageth, Ladina; Renold, Ursula (2019)
    KOF Working Papers
    This paper analyses how the social status of vocational education and training (VET) in Switzerland has changed over time and how it differs across population groups. The applied measure for the social status of VET compares the cognitive abilities (measured by PISA scores) of prospective students in a VET programme to those in an academic baccalaureate programme. The results suggest that the social status of VET has remained constant ...
    Working Paper
  5. Sources of knowledge flow between developed and developing nations 

    de Rassenfosse, Gaétan; Seliger, Florian (2019)
    KOF Working Papers
    This paper provides a long-term view on the sources of knowledge flow between developed and developing nations. It relies on patent data to explore three potential sources: R&D collaboration, technology sourcing, and technology transfer. All three sources provide a very consistent message. First, knowledge flows with East Asia, particularly China, are occurring more frequently. Second, knowledge flows are increasingly concentrated in ...
    Working Paper
  6. Co-detection of micro seismic activity as early warning of gravitational slope failure 

    Failletaz, Jérome; Funk, Martin; Beutel, Jan; et al. (2018)
    arXiv
    We developed a new strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction for gravitational slope failure: We propose a simple method for real-time early warning of gravity-driven failures that considers and exploits both the heterogeneity of natural media and characteristics of acoustic emissions attenuation. This method capitalizes on co-detection of elastic waves emanating from micro-cracks by a network of multiple and spatially distributed sensors. ...
    Working Paper
  7. A model-based clustering approach for analyzing energy-related financial literacy and its determinants 

    Kumar, Nilkanth (2019)
    Recent research highlights the role of consumer’s energy-related financial literacy in adoption of energy efficient household appliances in order to reduce the energy-efficiency gap within the household sector. The computation of an indicator for such a literacy measure has followed a somewhat less refined approach though. This paper demonstrates the use of a model-based clustering strategy in order to differentiate the population based ...
    Working Paper
  8. The +1 Method Model-Free Adaptive Repositioning Policies for Robotic Multi-Agent Systems 

    Ruch, Claudio; Gächter, Joel; Hakenberg, Jan; et al. (2019)
    Working Paper
  9. Decomposing the Margins of Transfer Pricing 

    Lassmann, Andrea; Zoller-Rydzek, Benedikt Marian Maximilian (2019)
    KOF Working Papers
    This paper examines the determinants and margins of profit shifting through transferpricing. We develop a theory model, where transfer pricing patterns are governed by a generalized concealment cost function (CCF). Our empirical analysis draws on micro-level data about transaction-level imports, firm-level characteristics, as well as tax differentials between regions in Switzerland and countries abroad. We find, both theoretically and ...
    Working Paper
  10. Challenging Common Assumptions in the Unsupervised Learning of Disentangled Representations 

    Locatello, Francesco; Bauer, Stefan; Lucic, Mario; et al. (2018)
    arXiv
    Working Paper
  11. Identifying Causal Structure in Large-Scale Kinetic Systems 

    Pfister, Niklas; Bauer, Stefan; Peters, Jonas (2018)
    arXiv
    Working Paper
  12. Particle-filtering approaches for nonlinear Bayesian decoding of neuronal spike trains 

    Kutschireiter, Anna; Pfister, Jean-Pascal (2018)
    arXiv
    The number of neurons that can be simultaneously recorded doubles every seven years. This ever increasing number of recorded neurons opens up the possibility to address new questions and extract higher dimensional stimuli from the recordings. Modeling neural spike trains as point processes, this task of extracting dynamical signals from spike trains is commonly set in the context of nonlinear filtering theory. Particle filter methods ...
    Working Paper
  13. Information-Directed Exploration for Deep Reinforcement Learning 

    Nikolov, Nikolay; Kirschner, Johannes; Berkenkamp, Felix; et al. (2018)
    Working Paper
  14. PRED18: Dataset and Further Experiments with DAVIS Event Camera in Predator-Prey Robot Chasing 

    Moeys, Diederik Paul; Neil, Daniel; Corradi, Federico; et al. (2018)
    arXiv
    Machine vision systems using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for robotic applications are increasingly being developed. Conventional vision CNNs are driven by camera frames at constant sample rate, thus achieving a fixed latency and power consumption tradeoff. This paper describes further work on the first experiments of a closed-loop robotic system integrating a CNN together with a Dynamic and Active Pixel Vision Sensor (DAVIS) in ...
    Working Paper
  15. Propagation of moments in Hawkes networks 

    Gilson, Matthieu; Pfister, Jean-Pascal (2018)
    The present paper provides a mathematical description of high-order moments of spiking activity in a recurrently-connected network of Hawkes processes. It extends previous studies that have explored the case of a (linear) Hawkes network driven by deterministic rate functions to the case of a stimulation by external inputs (rate functions or spike trains) with arbitrary correlation structure. Our approach describes the spatio-temporal ...
    Working Paper
  16. On the choice of metric in gradient-based theories of brain function 

    Surace, Simone Carlo; Pfister, Jean-Pascal; Gerstner, Wulfram; et al. (2018)
    arXiv
    The idea that the brain functions so as to minimize certain costs pervades theoretical neuroscience. Since a cost function by itself does not predict how the brain finds its minima, additional assumptions about the optimization method need to be made to predict the dynamics of physiological quantities. In this context, steepest descent (also called gradient descent) is often suggested as an algorithmic principle of optimization potentially ...
    Working Paper
  17. Dehn filling Dehn twists 

    Dahmani, Francois; Hagen, Mark; Sisto, Alessandro (2018)
    arXiv
    Working Paper
  18. Divergence and quasi-isometry classes of random Gromov's monsters 

    Gruber, Dominik; Sisto, Alessandro (2018)
    arXiv
    Working Paper
  19. Unbounded sequence of observers exhibiting Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering 

    Shenoy H, Akshata; Designolle, Sébastien; Hirsch, Flavien; et al. (2018)
    Working Paper

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