Lower-level publication types

Recent Submissions 

  1. Multimode strong coupling in cavity optomechanics 

    Kharel, Prashanta; Chu, Yiwen; Kittlaus, Eric A.; et al. (2018)
    arXiv
    Optomechanical systems show great potential as quantum transducers and information storage devices for use in future hybrid quantum networks and offer novel strategies for quantum state preparation to explore macroscopic quantum phenomena. Towards these goals, deterministic control of optomechanical interactions in the strong coupling regime represents an important strategy for efficient utilization of quantum degrees of freedom in ...
    Working Paper
  2. Fighting Violence Against Women: The Role of Female Political Representation 

    Bochenkova, Alena; Buonanno, Paolo; Galletta, Sergio (2022)
    Center for Law & Economics Working Paper Series
    We investigate the effect of women’s political leadership in local government on homicide and violence against women. Using a regression discontinuity design we compare Brazilian municipalities where a female candidate barely won to those where a female candidate barely lost mayoral elections. Having a female mayor reduces homicide rate of women by 20% and violence (physical, psychological, sexual) by 40%. These results are not due to ...
    Working Paper
  3. Diffraction imaging of light induced dynamics in xenon-doped helium nanodroplets 

    Langbehn, Bruno; Ovcharenko, Yevheniy; Clark, Andrew; et al. (2022)
    arXiv
    We have explored the light induced dynamics in superfluid helium nanodroplets with wide-angle scattering in a pump-probe measurement scheme. The droplets are doped with xenon atoms to facilitate the ignition of a nanoplasma through irradiation with near-infrared laser pulses. After a variable time delay of up to 800 ps, we image the subsequent dynamics using intense extreme ultraviolet pulses from the FERMI free-electron laser. The recorded ...
    Working Paper
  4. The Scatman: an approximate method for fast wide-angle scattering simulations 

    Colombo, Alessandro; Zimmermann, Julian; Langbehn, Bruno; et al. (2022)
    arXiv
    Single-shot Coherent Diffraction Imaging (CDI) is a powerful approach to characterize the structure and dynamics of isolated nanoscale objects such as single viruses, aerosols, nanocrystals or droplets. Using X-ray wavelengths, the diffraction images in CDI experiments usually cover only small scattering angles of few degrees. These small-angle patterns repre sent the magnitude of the Fourier transform of the two-dimensional projec ...
    Working Paper
  5. Disastrous Discretion: Ambiguous Decision Situations Foster Political Favoritism 

    Schneider, Stephan A.; Kunze, Sven (2022)
    CESifo Working Papers
    Allocation decisions are vulnerable to political influence, but it is unclear in which situations politicians use their discretionary power in a partisan manner. We analyze the allocation of presidential disaster declarations in the United States, exploiting the spatiotemporal randomness of hurricane strikes from 1965–2018 along with changes in political alignment. We show that decisions are not biased when disasters are unambiguously ...
    Working Paper
  6. Power Shifts, Emigration, and Population Sorting 

    Aklin, Michaël; Eichenauer, Vera (2022)
    KOF Working Papers
    We investigate the consequences of a peaceful shift of power from one social group to another. Theoretically, we show that an individual’s decision to stay put or migrate depends on the difference between the political preferences of groups and the change in tax. Empirically, we use the case of the unexpected creation of the Canton of Jura in Switzerland, which witnessed a power shift from German to French speakers in the 1970s. We find ...
    Working Paper
  7. Modelling life cycle costs for edge beams of three Norwegian bridges 

    Boschmann Käthler, Carolina; Angst, Ueli (2022)
    NPRA Reports
    For the planning of cost-effective infrastructure maintenance, it is important to assess the condition of structures and to estimate the optimum time, the extent and the type of repair needed to continue operating the structures safely. In this study, a novel approach is presented, which combines data from condition assessment of reinforced concrete structures (e.g. chloride profiles), predictive modelling (future chloride ingress) and ...
    Report
  8. ETH Zurich Annual Report 2021 

    ETH Zurich (2022)
    ETH Zurich Annual Report
    Report
  9. ETH Zürich Geschäftsbericht 2021 

    ETH Zürich (2022)
    ETH Zürich Geschäftsbericht
    Report
  10. Dynamic Factor Trees and Forests - A Theory-led Machine Learning Framework for Non-Linear and State-Dependent Short-Term U.S. GDP Growth Predictions 

    Ehmann, Daniel (2022)
    KOF Working Papers
    Machine Learning models are often considered to be “black boxes” that provide only little room for the incorporation of theory (cf. e.g. Mukherjee, 2017; Veltri, 2017). This article proposes so-called Dynamic Factor Trees (DFT) and Dynamic Factor Forests (DFF) for macroeconomic forecasting, which synthesize the recent machine learning, dynamic factor model and business cycle literature within a unified statistical machine learning framework ...
    Working Paper
  11. The Incidence of the U.S.–China Solar Trade War 

    Houde, Sébastien; Wang, Wenjun (2022)
    Economics Working Paper Series
    This paper investigates the distributional welfare effects of the recent trade war in the solar manufacturing sector resulting from the U.S. government-initiated trade tariffs against Chinese solar manufacturers. Our structural econometric model incorporates the vertical structure between upstream solar manufacturers and downstream solar installers. Counterfactual simulations show the tariffs had a small positive impact on U.S. manufacturers ...
    Working Paper
  12. Activity-oriented analysis of induced travel demand 

    Weis, Claude; Axhausen, Kay W.; Weston, Judith (2022)
    Arbeitsberichte Verkehrs- und Raumplanung
    This guideline was approved on February 15, 2013 by the board of the Swiss Association of Traffic Engineers (SVI) and has been released for publication.
    Working Paper
  13. Digital twins and hybrid modelling for simulation of physiological variables and stroke risk 

    Herrgårdh, Tilda; Hunter, Elizabeth; Tunedal, Kajsa; et al. (2022)
    bioRxiv
    One of the more interesting ideas for achieving personalized, preventive, and participatory medicine is the concept of a digital twin. A digital twin is a personalized computer model of a patient. So far, digital twins have been constructed using either mechanistic models, which can simulate the trajectory of physiological and biochemical processes in a person, or using machine learning models, which for example can be used to estimate ...
    Working Paper
  14. Designing, developing, evaluating, and Implementing a Smartphone-delivered, rule-based COnVERsational agent (DISCOVER): a conceptual framework 

    Dhinagaran, Dhakshenya Ardhithy; Martinengo, Laura; Ho, Moon-Ho Ringo; et al. (2022)
    JMIR Preprints
    Background: Conversational agents (CAs), also known as chatbots are computer programs that simulate human conversations using predetermined rule-based responses or employing artificial intelligent algorithms. They are increasingly used in healthcare, particularly via smartphones. There is, at present no conceptual framework guiding the development of smartphone rule-based CAs in healthcare. To fill this gap we propose structured and ...
    Working Paper
  15. The Effect of Dynamic Lockdowns on Public Transport Demand in Times of COVID-19: Evidence from Smartcard Data 

    Gramsch, Benjamin; Guevara, Angelo; Munizaga, Marcela; et al. (2021)
    SSRN Electronic Journal
    Governments around the globe have taken different measures to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. The city of Santiago, Chile, followed a dynamic lockdown strategy in which its municipalities were temporarily restricted depending on the degree of advance of the pandemic. We use this variation over time to study the effect of lockdowns on public transport demand, by analysing a 2019-2020 database of smartcard data of trips. These data allow us ...
    Working Paper
  16. Smart sealants for prevention and monitoring of gastrointestinal anastomotic leaks using portable smartphone-controlled ultrasound transducers 

    Anthis, Alexandre H.C.; Abundo, Maria Paulene; Neuer, Anna L.; et al. (2022)
    bioRxiv
    Millions of patients every year undergo gastrointestinal surgery. While often lifesaving, sutured and stapled reconnections leak in around 10% of the cases. Penetration of digestive fluids into the peritoneal cavity may lead to dreadful complications, including sepsis and premature death. Modern suture supports and tissue adhesives only insufficiently address the issue. Due to the scarcity of alternatives, surgeons rely on monitoring ...
    Working Paper
  17. What Makes Firms Stop Doing R&D in Switzerland? – Project Commissioned by SERI 

    König, Michael D.; Spescha, Andrin; Wörter, Martin; et al. (2022)
    KOF Studies
    Report
  18. Expect the worst, hope for the best: The valuation of climate risks and opportunities in sovereign bonds 

    Bingler, Julia Anna (2022)
    Economics Working Paper Series
    How climate aspects affect sovereign bonds is still a new field of research. I differentiate between transition, physical, and innovation aspects of climate risks and climate performance and estimate the pricing-in of these climate aspects in sovereign bond yields for a sample of 29 countries, for the time 2008-2021. The results show that the effects differ between countries with higher and lower credit rating, long- and short term ...
    Working Paper
  19. Factbook Education System: Paraguay 

    CES Chair of Education Systems (2022)
    CES Factbook Education Systems
    Report
  20. Factbook Education System: Mozambique 

    CES Chair of Education Systems (2022)
    CES Factbook Education Systems
    Report

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