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  1. Physical pretreatment of three biowastes to improve black soldier fly larvae bioconversion efficiency 

    Peguero, Daniela A.; Gold, Moritz; Velasquez, Laura; et al. (2024)
    Waste Management
    Journal Article
  2. Zero-Quantum-Defect Method and the Fundamental Vibrational Interval of H2+ 

    Doran I.; Hölsch N.; Beyer M.; et al. (2024)
    Physical Review Letters
    The fundamental vibrational interval of H2+ has been determined to be ΔG1/2=2191.126 614(17) cm-1 by continuous-wave laser spectroscopy of Stark manifolds of Rydberg states of H2 with the H2+ ion core in the ground and first vibrationally excited states. Extrapolation of the Stark shifts to zero field yields the zero-quantum-defect positions -RH2/n2, from which ionization energies can be determined. Our new result represents a ...
    Journal Article
  3. Single-photon superradiance in individual caesium lead halide quantum dots 

    Zhu C.; Boehme S.C.; Feld L.G.; et al. (2024)
    Nature
    The brightness of an emitter is ultimately described by Fermi’s golden rule, with a radiative rate proportional to its oscillator strength times the local density of photonic states. As the oscillator strength is an intrinsic material property, the quest for ever brighter emission has relied on the local density of photonic states engineering, using dielectric or plasmonic resonators1,2. By contrast, a much less explored avenue is to boost ...
    Journal Article
  4. Bi2YbO4Cl: A two-dimensional square-lattice compound with Jeff= 12 magnetic moments 

    Singh V.K.; Nam K.; Barik M.; et al. (2024)
    Physical Review B
    The interplay between the quantum effects from low-dimensionality and the spin-orbit coupling leads to exotic ground states with unusual excitations. We report the structural, magnetic, heat capacity, and electronic structure studies of Bi2YbO4Cl, which constitutes a structurally perfect 2D square lattice with rare-earth magnetic Yb3+ ions. The magnetization and heat capacity data analysis confirms that the Yb3+ ion hosts the spin-orbit ...
    Journal Article
  5. Experimental realization of tunable exceptional points in a resonant non-Hermitian piezoelectrically coupled waveguide 

    Thomes R.L.; Rosa M.I.N.; Erturk A. (2024)
    Applied Physics Letters
    This Letter presents an experimental demonstration of tunable exceptional points (EPs) in an electromechanical waveguide. EPs are non-Hermitian singularities typically found in parity-time (PT) symmetric systems with balanced gain and loss. Here, piezoelectric transducers on an aluminum beam (waveguide) are shunted to synthetic impedance circuits that emulate negative and positive resistors (responsible for gain and loss) and inductors ...
    Journal Article
  6. Multi-criteria assessment of inland and offshore carbon dioxide transport options 

    Oeuvray P.; Burger J.; Roussanaly S.; et al. (2024)
    Journal of Cleaner Production
    Transport is a key element of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture, transport, and storage (CCTS) supply chains. Early movers, particularly inland emitters (e.g., in continental Europe), do not yet have access to a fully developed CO2 network infrastructure connecting them with the offshore storage hubs (e.g., in the European northern seas, as these belong to the first wave of storage infrastructure that will be developed in Europe). Therefore, ...
    Journal Article
  7. Time-Resolved Multielectron Coincidence Spectroscopy of Double Auger-Meitner Decay Following Xe 4$d$ ionization 

    Zhang, Pengju; Trester, Joel; Ueda, Kiyoshi; et al. (2024)
    Physical Review Letters
    Journal Article
  8. Inferring Markov Chains to Describe Convergent Tumor Evolution with CIMICE 

    Rossi N.; Gigante N.; Vitacolonna N.; et al. (2024)
    IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
    The field of tumor phylogenetics focuses on studying the differences within cancer cell populations. Many efforts are done within the scientific community to build cancer progression models trying to understand the heterogeneity of such diseases. These models are highly dependent on the kind of data used for their construction, therefore, as the experimental technologies evolve, it is of major importance to exploit their peculiarities. ...
    Journal Article
  9. Long-term soil organic carbon and crop yield feedbacks differ between 16 soil-crop models in sub-Saharan Africa 

    Couëdel, Antoine; Falconnier, Gatien N.; Adam, Myriam; et al. (2024)
    European Journal of Agronomy
    Food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa is partly due to low staple crop yields, resulting from poor soil fertility and low nutrient inputs. Integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), which includes the combined use of mineral and organic fertilizers, can contribute to increasing yields and sustaining soil organic carbon (SOC) in the long term. Soil-crop simulation models can help assess the performance and trade-offs of a range of crop ...
    Journal Article
  10. Noise-resilient phase transitions and limit-cycles in coupled Kerr oscillators 

    Alaeian, Hadiseh; Soriente, Matteo; Najafi, Khadijeh; et al. (2024)
    New Journal of Physics
    In recent years, there has been considerable focus on exploring driven-dissipative quantum systems, as they exhibit distinctive dissipation-stabilized phases. Among them dissipative time crystal is a unique phase emerging as a shift from disorder or stationary states to periodic behaviors. However, understanding the resilience of these non-equilibrium phases against quantum fluctuations remains unclear. This study addresses this query ...
    Journal Article
  11. Exact and Ubiquitous Condition for Solid-State Deracemization in Vitro and in Nature 

    Deck, Leif-Thore; Hosseinalipour, Mercedeh Sadat; Mazzotti, Marco (2024)
    Journal of the American Chemical Society
    Solid-state deracemization is the amplification of an enantiomeric excess in suspensions of conglomerate-forming chiral compounds. Although numerous chemical and biochemical compounds deracemize, its governing mechanism has remained elusive. We introduce a novel formulation of the classical population-based model of deracemization through temperature cycles to prove that suspensions deracemize whenever a simple and ubiquitous condition ...
    Journal Article
  12. Discrete network models of endothelial cells and their interactions with the substrate 

    Jakob, Raphael; Britt, Ben R.; Giampietro, Costanza; et al. (2024)
    Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
    Endothelial cell monolayers line the inner surfaces of blood and lymphatic vessels. They are continuously exposed to different mechanical loads, which may trigger mechanobiological signals and hence play a role in both physiological and pathological processes. Computer-based mechanical models of cells contribute to a better understanding of the relation between cell-scale loads and cues and the mechanical state of the hosting tissue. ...
    Journal Article
  13. Strong Light-Matter Coupling in Lead Halide Perovskite Quantum Dot Solids 

    Bujalance, Clara; Caliò, Laura; Dirin, Dmitry; et al. (2024)
    ACS Nano
    Strong coupling between lead halide perovskite materials and optical resonators enables both polaritonic control of the photophysical properties of these emerging semiconductors and the observation of fundamental physical phenomena. However, the difficulty in achieving optical-quality perovskite quantum dot (PQD) films showing well-defined excitonic transitions has prevented the study of strong light-matter coupling in these materials, ...
    Journal Article
  14. Prodrugs of Nucleotide Analogues 

    Kalčic, Filip (2024)
    Chemické Listy
    The field of medicinal chemistry is often struggling with suboptimal properties of active compounds. To address this issue, many sophisticated prodrug approaches have been developed. Prodrug is an inactive form of a drug which temporarily alters its properties. In the body, the prodrug is (most often enzymatically) transformed back to the parent active drug. Prodrugs can modify varie-ty of properties such as absorption, solubility, or ...
    Journal Article
  15. Using photographs and deep neural networks to understand flowering phenology and diversity in mountain meadows 

    Aji John, Pushpam Joseph; Theobald, Elli J.; Cristea, Nicoleta; et al. (2024)
    Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation
    Mountain meadows are an essential part of the alpine-subalpine ecosystem; they provide ecosystem services like pollination and are home to diverse plant communities. Changes in climate affect meadow ecology on multiple levels, for example, by altering growing season dynamics. Tracking the effects of climate change on meadow diversity through the impacts on individual species and overall growing season dynamics is critical to conservation ...
    Journal Article
  16. Assessing the influence of climate variability and land cover change on water resources in the Wami river catchment, Tanzania 

    Lalika, Christossy B.C.; Mujahid, Aziz Ul Haq; Lalika, Makarius C.S. (2024)
    Environmental Earth Sciences
    Understanding the trend, extent, and effect of climate variability and land cover change are globally important for monitoring river catchments water resources. Due to the majority of river catchment from developing countries such as Tanzania experiencing insufficient time series data, the long-term ERA5-Land (1960-2021) reanalysis was used to assess the influence of climate variability and land cover change on water resource in the Wami ...
    Journal Article
  17. Fluid Mixing and Spatial Geochemical Variability in the Lost City Hydrothermal Field Chimneys 

    Aquino, Karmina A.; Früh-Green, Gretchen L.; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; et al. (2024)
    Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
    Carbonate-brucite chimneys are a characteristic of low- to moderate-temperature, ultramafic-hosted alkaline hydrothermal systems, such as the Lost City hydrothermal field located on the Atlantis Massif at 30 degrees N near the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. These chimneys form as a result of mixing between warm, serpentinization-derived vent fluids and cold seawater. Previous work has documented the evolution in mineralogy and geochemistry associated ...
    Journal Article
  18. Contractility defects hinder glycoprotein VI-mediated platelet activation and affect platelet functions beyond clot contraction 

    Kenny, Martin; Pollitt, Alice Y.; Patil, Smita; et al. (2024)
    Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
    Background: Active and passive biomechanical properties of platelets contribute substantially to thrombus formation. Actomyosin contractility drives clot contraction required for stabilizing the hemostatic plug. Impaired contractility results in bleeding but is difficult to detect using platelet function tests. Objectives: To determine how diminished myosin activity affects platelet functions, including and beyond clot contraction. Methods: ...
    Journal Article
  19. Putting a human in the loop: Increasing uptake, but decreasing accuracy of automated decision-making 

    Sele, Daniela; Chugunova, Marina (2024)
    PLoS ONE
    Automated decision-making gains traction, prompting discussions on regulation with calls for human oversight. Understanding how human involvement affects the acceptance of algorithmic recommendations and the accuracy of resulting decisions is vital. In an online experiment (N = 292), for a prediction task, participants choose a recommendation stemming either from an algorithm or another participant. In a between-subject design, we varied ...
    Journal Article

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