Small-size recombinant adenoviral hexon protein fragments for the production of virus-type specific antibodies
Flatt, Justin W.
Greber, Urs F.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Background: Adenoviruses are common pathogens infecting animals and humans. They are classified based on serology, or genome sequence information. These methods have limitations due to lengthy procedures or lack of infectivity data. Adenoviruses are easy to produce and amenable to genetic and biochemical modifications, which makes them a powerful tool for biological studies, and clinical gene-delivery and vaccine applications. Antibodies directed against adenoviral proteins are important diagnostic tools for virus identification in vivo and in vitro, and are used to elucidate infection mechanisms, often in combination with genomic sequencing and type specific information from hyper-variable regions of structural proteins. Results: Here we describe a novel and readily useable method for cloning, expressing and purifying small fragments of hyper-variable regions 1-6 of the adenoviral hexon protein. We used these polypeptides as antigens for generating polyclonal rabbit antibodies against human adenovirus 3 (HAdV-B3), mouse adenovirus 1 (MAdV-1) and MAdV-2 hexon. In Western immunoblots with lysates from cells infected from thirteen human and three mouse viruses, these antibodies bound to homologous full-length hexon protein and revealed variable levels of cross-reactivity to heterologous hexons. Results from immuno-fluorescence and electron microscopy studies indicated that HAdV-B3 and MAdV-2 hexon antibodies recognized native forms of hexon. Conclusions: The procedure described here can in principle be applied to any adenovirus for which genome sequence information is available. It provides a basis for generating novel type-specific tools in diagnostics and research, and extends beyond the commonly used anti-viral antibodies raised against purified viruses or subviral components Show more
Journal / seriesVirology journal
SubjectProtein Purification; Immunoblotting; Electron Microscopy; Antibodies; Immunofluorescence; Virus Blocking; Neutralization; Adenovirus; Hexon
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