Pore structure 3-D imaging by synchrotron micro-tomography of graupel grains
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
Three dimensional air bubble structure including size distribution, concentration andspatial distribution are important clues in identifying the growth regime of graupel andhailstone. For imaging of the bubble structure, a cryo-stage was developed to adapt tothe standard setup of the SLS X04SA tomography beamline (actually replaced by the TOMCAT beamline) at the Swiss Light Source synchrotron facility to the requirementsof ice particle micro-tomography. The cryo-stage setup provides for the first time 3-D-data on the individual inner pore shape delineation down to μm spatial (voxel) resolutionof sub-mm small naturally as well as wind tunnel rimed graupel particles. Special caremust be taken for maintaining a cooling chain between sampling and measurement. It must be kept at liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K) until measurement of the originalstructure at the μm spatial scale. However, even at that temperature there is no chanceto preserve any ice bubble structure at sub-μm spatial resolution due to the Kelvineffect. In natural graupel grains, Y-shaped morphology of air-filled pores was found.This morphology transformed into smaller and rounded voids well-known from literature when the ice particle was annealed for as short as half an hour at 265K and must,therefore, be regarded as artificial rather than representing the in situ pore structure.With the new synchrotron tomography approach, quantitative information on the in situpore structure statistics within individual samples representative for a known or, thus,deduced growth mode or history can be derived, in particular if combined with airplane sampling in the troposphere at in situ growth conditions. Show more
Journal / seriesAtmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03817 - Stampanoni, Marco F.M. / Stampanoni, Marco F.M.
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Is previous version of: https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-4-2225-2011
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