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dc.contributor.author
Stinchcomb, Wayne W.
dc.contributor.author
Reifsnider, Kenneth L.
dc.contributor.author
Henneke, Edmond G.
dc.contributor.author
Kress, Gerald
dc.date.accessioned
2019-04-26T10:48:39Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-25T15:44:37Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-26T10:48:39Z
dc.date.issued
1985-09
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/339615
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000339615
dc.description.abstract
Composite materials are established as reliable and efficient materials for a large number of structural applications. Although composites have gained widespread use, we do not, as of yet, have a precise and complete understanding of the mechanismsm of damage development in composite materials. Recent research results have pointed out the need to treat damage as a collective condition; i.e., a damage state, rather than as an assembly of discrete and independent damage modes. The process of the development of the damage state and the subsequent response of the composite laminate throughout the loading history can then be related. This report presents the results of an investigation to determine the damage states which develop in graphite epoxy laminates with center holes due to tensio-tension cyclic loads, to determine the influence of stacking sequence on the initiation and interaction of damage modes and the process of damage development, and to establish the relationships between the damage states and the strength, stiffness, and life of the laminates.
en_US
dc.description.abstract
Two quasi-isotropic laminates were selected to give different distributions of interlaminar stresses around the hole. The laminates were tested under cyclic loads (R=0.1, 10 Hz) at maximum stresses ranging between 60 95 percent of the notched tensile strength. Damage was monitored nondestructively throughout the loading history using stereo X-ray radiography, acoustic emission recording, and stiffness change. Some specimens were deplied after specific numbers of cycles to determine the nature and distribution of damage in each ply araound the hole and to confirm the components and size of the damage state observed nondestructively. Fatigue life and residual strength tests were also performed. Fatigue damage in the two laminates included matrix cracks in all plies followed by delaminations. The density of matrix cracks and the distribution of the damage zone (matrix cracks plus delaminations) in laminates cycled at the same percent of notched tensile strength were strongly dependent on the local constraint and distribution of interlaminar stresses as governed by the stacking sequence. The distinctly different damage states which developed in the two initially quasi-sitropic laminates due to similar load histories produced stiffness changes of 15-20 percent, different rates of residual strength degradation, and a factor of four difference in fatigue life. The results of this study are interpreted to establish relationships between the loading history, the progressive development of the damage state, and the response of the notched laminates.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Tech Center for Composite Materials and Structures
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
composite materials
en_US
dc.subject
laminates
en_US
dc.subject
fatigue response
en_US
dc.subject
experiments
en_US
dc.subject
non-destructive testing
en_US
dc.subject
optical measurement methods
en_US
dc.title
Fatigue Damage in Notched Composite Laminates under Tension-Tension Cyclic Loads
en_US
dc.type
Report
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
ethz.journal.volume
NASA-CR-176412
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
NAS 1.26:176412
en_US
ethz.size
120 p.
en_US
ethz.code.ddc
DDC - DDC::6 - Technology, medicine and applied sciences::620 - Engineering & allied operations
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Hampton, VA
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02130 - Dep. Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik / Dep. of Mechanical and Process Eng.::02665 - Inst. f. Design, Mat. und Fabrikation::03507 - Ermanni, Paolo / Ermanni, Paolo
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02130 - Dep. Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik / Dep. of Mechanical and Process Eng.::02665 - Inst. f. Design, Mat. und Fabrikation::03507 - Ermanni, Paolo / Ermanni, Paolo
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2019-04-25T15:44:39Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
no
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-04-26T10:48:47Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-02-15T18:37:26Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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