- Journal Article
Our recent work identifies material surfaces in incompressible flows that extremize the transport of an arbitrary, weakly diffusive scalar field relative to neighboring surfaces. Such barriers and enhancers of transport can be located directly from the deterministic component of the velocity field without diffusive or stochastic simulations. Here we extend these results to compressible flows and to diffusive concentration fields affected by sources or sinks, as well as by spontaneous decay. We construct diffusive transport extremizers with and without constraining them on a specific initial concentration distribution. For two-dimensional flows, we obtain explicit differential equations and a diagnostic scalar field that identify the most observable extremizers with pointwise uniform transport density. We illustrate our results by uncovering diffusion barriers and enhancers in analytic, numerical, and observational velocity fields. Show more
Journal / seriesSIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems
Pages / Article No.
SubjectTransport barriers; Invariant manifolds; Stochastic transport; Diffusive Transport; Coherent structures
Organisational unit03973 - Haller, George / Haller, George
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