Wireless, Artefact Aware Impedance Sensor Node for Continuous Bio-Impedance Monitoring
- Journal Article
Body bio-impedance is a unique parameter to monitor changes in body composition non-invasively. Continuous measurement of bio-impedance can track changes in body fluid content and cell mass and has widespread applications for physiological monitoring. State-of-the-art implementation of bio-impedance sensor devices is still limited for continuous use, in part, due to artefacts arising at the skin-electrode (SE) interface. Artefacts at the SE interface may arise due to various factors such as motion, applied pressure on the electrode surface, changes in ambient conditions or gradual drying of electrodes. This paper presents a novel bio-impedance sensor node that includes an artefact aware method for bio-impedance measurement. The sensor node enables autonomous and continuous measurement of bio-impedance and SE contact impedance at ten frequencies between 10 kHz to 100 kHz to detect artefacts at the SE interface. Experimental evaluation with SE contact impedance models using passive 2R1C electronic circuits and also with non-invasive in vivo measurements of SE contact impedance demonstrated high accuracy (with maximum error less than 1.5%) and precision of 0.6 ohm. The ability to detect artefacts caused by motion, vertically applied pressure and skin temperature changes was analysed in proof of concept experiments. Low power sensor node design achieved with 50mW in active mode and only 143 mu W in sleep mode estimated a battery life of 90 days with a 250 mAh battery and duty-cycling impedance measurements every 60 seconds. Our method for artefact aware bio-impedance sensing is a step towards autonomous and unobtrusive continuous bio-impedance measurement for health monitoring at-home or in clinical environments. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit09619 - Schürle-Finke, Simone / Schürle-Finke, Simone
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