Improvements in Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis To Measure Particle Aggregation and Mass Distribution: A Case Study on Engineered Nanomaterial Stability in Incineration Landfill Leachates
- Journal Article
Numerous nanometrology techniques have been developed in recent years to determine the size, concentration, and a number of other characteristics of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) in environmental matrices. Among the many available techniques, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) can measure individual particles to create a size distribution and measure the particle number. Therefore, we explore the possibility to use these data to calculate the particle mass distribution. Additionally, we further developed the NTA methodology to explore its suitability for analysis of ENM in complex matrices by measuring ENM agglomeration and sedimentation in municipal solid waste incineration landfill leachates over time. 100 nm Au ENM were spiked into DI H2O and synthetic and natural leachates. We present the possibility of measuring ENM in the presence of natural particles based on differences in particle refractivity indices, delineate the necessity of creating a calibration curve to adjust the given NTA particle number concentration, and determine the instruments linear range under different conditions. By measuring the particle size and the particle number distribution, we were able to calculate the ENM mass remaining in suspension. By combining these metrics together with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses, we could assess the extent of both homo- and heteroagglomeration as well as particle sedimentation. Reporting both size and mass based metrics is common in atmospheric particle measurements, but now, the NTA can give us the possibility of applying the same approach also to aqueous samples. © 2017 American Chemical Society. Show more
Journal / seriesEnvironmental Science & Technology
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Organisational unit09717 - Mitrano, Denise M. / Mitrano, Denise M.
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