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Mitigation measures for urban heat island and their impact on pedestrian thermal comfort
- Conference Paper
A multiscale coupled model is presented that allows for the detailed analysis of the local impact of urban heat island mitigation measures. The model uses coupled computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations with unsteady heat and moisture transport (HAM) in porous urban materials in order to take into account the dynamic heat and moisture storage in the built environment. A realistic case study is performed for a public urban square in the City of Zurich during heat wave conditions. The impacts of two different mitigation strategies, i.e. adding artificial wetting of pavements and adding vegetation, on pedestrian thermal comfort are evaluated and compared with the existing situation. The results show an improvement in thermal comfort in both conditions. The improvement resulting from the addition of trees is larger and lasts longer due to shadowing effects, even though a reduced ventilation and an increased relative humidity by trees have an adverse effect on the thermal comfort. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series
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