Design and Evaluation of Digital Filters for Non-Contact Measuring of HRV using Medical Radar and Its Application in Bedside Patient Monitoring System
- Conference Paper
A non-contact bedside monitoring system using medical radar is expected to be applied to clinical fields. Our previous studies have developed a monitoring system based on medical radar for measuring respiratory rate (RR) and heart rate (HR). Heart rate variability (HRV), which is essentially implemented in advanced monitoring system, such as prognosis prediction, is a more challenging biological information than the RR and HR. In this study, we designed a HRV measurement filter and proposed a method to evaluate the optimal cardiac signal extraction filter for HRV measurement. Because the cardiac component in the radar signal is much smaller than the respiratory component, it is necessary to extract the cardiac element from the radar output signal using digital filters. It depends on the characteristics of the filter whether the HRV information is kept in the extracted cardiac signal or not. A cardiac signal extraction filter that is not distorted in the time domain and does not miss the cardiac component must be adopted. Therefore, we focused on evaluating the interval between the R-peak of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the radar-cardio peak of the cardiac signal measured by radar (R-radar interval). This is based on the fact that the time between heart depolarization and ventricular contraction is measured as the R-radar interval. A band-pass filter (BPF) with several bandwidths and a nonlinear filter, locally projective adaptive signal separation (LoPASS), were analyzed and compared. The optimal filter was quantitatively evaluated by analyzing the distribution and standard deviation of the R-radar intervals. The performance of this monitoring system was evaluated in elderly patient at the Yokohama Hospital, Japan. Show more
Book title2021 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)
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