Hyperpolarized Metabolic and Parametric CMR Imaging of Longitudinal Metabolic-Structural Changes in Experimental Chronic Infarction
- Journal Article
Background: Prolonged ischemia and myocardial infarction are followed by a series of dynamic processes that determine the fate of the affected myocardium toward recovery or necrosis. Metabolic adaptions are considered to play a vital role in the recovery of salvageable myocardium in the context of stunned and hibernating myocardium. Objectives: The potential of hyperpolarized pyruvate cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) alongside functional and parametric CMR as a tool to study the complex metabolic-structural interplay in a longitudinal study of chronic myocardial infarction in an experimental pig model is investigated. Methods: Metabolic imaging using hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate and proton-based CMR including cine, T1/T2 relaxometry, dynamic contrast-enhanced, and late gadolinium enhanced imaging were performed on clinical 3.0-T and 1.5-T MR systems before infarction and at 6 days and 5 and 9 weeks postinfarction in a longitudinal study design. Chronic myocardial infarction in pigs was induced using catheter-based occlusion and compared with healthy controls. Results: Metabolic image data revealed temporarily elevated lactate-to-bicarbonate ratios at day 6 in the infarcted relative to remote myocardium. The temporal changes of lactate-to-bicarbonate ratios were found to correlate with changes in T2 and impaired local contractility. Assessment of pyruvate dehydrogenase flux via the hyperpolarized [13C] bicarbonate signal revealed recovery of aerobic cellular respiration in the hibernating myocardium, which correlated with recovery of local radial strain. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the potential of hyperpolarized CMR to longitudinally detect metabolic changes after cardiac infarction over days to weeks. Viable myocardium in the area at risk was identified based on restored pyruvate dehydrogenase flux. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of the American College of Cardiology. Cardiovascular Imaging
Pages / Article No.
Subjectcardiac magnetic resonance relaxometry; chronic myocardial infarction; hibernating myocardium; hyperpolarized pyruvate; metabolic cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
Organisational unit09667 - Falk, Volkmar / Falk, Volkmar
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