In PC3 prostate cancer cells ephrin receptors crosstalk to beta(1)-integrins to strengthen adhesion to collagen type I
Wang, Jinghe H.
Muller, Daniel J.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Eph receptor (Eph) and ephrin signaling can play central roles in prostate cancer and other cancer types. Exposed to ephrin-A1 PC3 prostate cancer cells alter adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. However, whether PC3 cells increase or reduce adhesion, and by which mechanisms they change adhesion to the ECM remains to be characterized. Here, we assay how ephrin-A1 stimulates PC3 cells to adhere to ECM proteins using single-cell force spectroscopy. We find that PC3 cells binding to immobilized ephrin-A1 but not to solubilized ephrin-A1 specifically strengthen adhesion to collagen I. This Eph-ephrin-A1 signaling, which we suppose is based on mechanotransduction, stimulates β1-subunit containing integrin adhesion via the protein kinase Akt and the guanine nucleotide-exchange factor cytohesin. Inhibiting the small GTPases, Rap1 or Rac1, generally lowered adhesion of PC3 prostate cancer cells. Our finding suggests a mechanism by which PC3 prostate cancer cells exposed to ephrins crosstalk to β1-integrins and preferably metastasize in bone, a collagen I rich tissue Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
SubjectAtomic force microscopy; Cancer models; Integrins; Nanoscale biophysics
Organisational unit03870 - Müller, Daniel J. / Müller, Daniel J.
138063 - Systematische Charakterisierung der Kommunikation von Zelladhäsionsrezeptoren mittels Einzelzellkraftspektroskopie (SNF)
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